PREDICTORS OF INCREASED RISK OF DIABETES

Patients who develop diabetes may have certain predictors which point towards an increased likelihood of developing the disease. These factors are different for type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

The below information does not replace professional consultation with your physician.

Type 1 diabetes:

  • Family history of type 1 diabetes
  • Race or ethnic background - The risk of type 1 diabetes is greater in caucasian population
  • Presence of islet cell antibodies in the blood

Type 2 diabetes:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Age over 45
  • Race or ethnic background- The risk of type 2 diabetes is greater in Hispanics, Blacks, Native Americans, and Asians
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Overweight/obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Dyslipidemia
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • A history of polycystic ovary disease (PCOS)
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • History of vascular disease (such as stroke)

References:

Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes2015. DIABETES Care 2015;3 (Suppl. 1)
Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, edition 18, chapters 35, 94, 218, 21, 344
ISPAD Clinical Practice Consensus Guidelines 2014
Uptodate: Overview of medical care in adults with diabetes mellitus Author David K McCulloch, MD, Mar 18-2015
Uptodate: Glycemic control and vascular complication in type 2 diabetes mellitus, Author David K McCulloch, MD, Jun 2015  

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